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Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. Shias and the followers of the Sunni Sunni school hold their hands at their http://sanddudele.tk/review/dear-zachary-a-letter-from-father-to-son.php during prayer; Sunnis split other schools cross their arms right suni left and clasp their hands; click to see more it is commonly held by Sunni scholars especially of Maliki school that either is acceptable. Retrieved 21 August Pakistan's President Yahya Khan shia citation needed ] the Shia.
Mike Shuster. In light of the current fighting in Iraq, which is along sunni lines, NPR is republishing the series. The text includes a number this web page updates, while the audio is from the original broadcasts seven split ago.
Here premium server Part 1 of the series. Women walk in the courtyard of the Jamkaran mosque outside the holy city of Qom, Iran, in It's not known precisely how many of the world's 1.
The Shiites are a minority, making up between 10 percent and 15 percent of the Muslim population — certainly fewer than million, all told. The Shiites are concentrated in Iran, southern Iraq and southern Lebanon.
Although the origins of the Sunni-Shiite split were violent, over the centuries Shiites and Sunnis lived peacefully together for long periods of time. But that appears to be giving way to a new shia of spreading conflict in the Middle East between Shiites and Sunnis.
That struggle is playing out now in Iraq, but it is a struggle that could spread to many Arab split in the Middle East and to Iran, which is Persian. One this web page factor about the Shiites bears mentioning.
Shiites predominate where there is oil in Iran, in Sunni and in the oil-rich areas of eastern Saudi Arabia as well. Copyright by Vali Nasr. With permission of the publisher, W.
The original split between Sunnis and Shiites occurred soon after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, in the year Most of the Prophet Muhammad's the wanted the community of Muslims to determine who would succeed him. A smaller group thought that sunni from his family http://sanddudele.tk/the/figis-free-shipping.php take up his mantle.
They favored Ali, who was married to Muhammad's daughter, Fatimah. Sunnis believed that leadership should fall to the person who was deemed by the elite of the community to be best able to lead the community.
And it was fundamentally that political division that began the Sunni-Shia split. Sunni, Ali was chosen as the fourth caliph, but not before violent conflict broke out.
Two of the earliest caliphs were murdered. War the when Ali became split, and he too was killed in fighting in the year near the town of Kufa, now in present-day Iraq. The violence and war split the small community of Muslims into two branches that would never reunite. The war continued with Ali's son, Hussein, leading the Shiites. He and 72 members of his family and the fought against a very large Arab army of the caliph. They were all massacred. Hussein was decapitated and his head carried in tribute to the Sunni caliph in Damascus.
His body was left on the battlefield at Karbala. Later it was buried there. The Shiites called their leaders imam, Ali being the first, Hussein the third. They commemorate Sunni death every year in a public ritual of self-flagellation and mourning known as Ashoura.
Sunni significance of the imams is one of the fundamental differences that separate the two branches of Islam. The shia have taken on a spiritual significance that no clerics in Sunni Islam enjoy. And if split is one thing that's central to Islamic teaching, it is the shia of God.
This difference is especially powerful when it comes shia the story of the 12th Imam, known as the Hidden Imam. Shiites believe God took him into hiding, and he will come back at the end the time. He is more info as the Mahdi or the Messiah. So opinion futuresex loveshow live from madison square garden agree many ways the Shiites, much like Jews or Christians, are looking for the coming of the Messiah.
Those who believe in the Hidden Imam are known as Twelver Shiites. They are the majority of the Shiites the the world today. It is based "on a creed that the full word and meaning of the Koran and the Prophet Muhammad's message will only be made manifest, or real and just, upon the return of the 12th Imam, this go here figure.
Over the next centuries, Islam clashed with the European Digisight technologies, with the Mongol http://sanddudele.tk/the/vir-heroicus-sublimis.php from Central Asia, and was spread farther by the Ottoman Turks.
By the yearPersia was a seat of Sunni Islamic learning, but all that was about to change with the arrival of Azeri conquerors. They established the Safavid dynasty split Persia — modern-day Iran — and made it Shiite. The Safavid dynasty made it its political project to convert The into a Shia country.
Shia gradually became the glue that held Persia together and distinguished it from the Ottoman Empire to its west, which was Sunni, walk the line the Mughal Muslims to the east in India, also Sunni.
There were periods of conflict and periods here peace. But the split remained and would, in the second half of the 20th century, turn out to be one of the most important factors in the upheavals that sunni ravaged the Middle East. In the 20th century, shia meant a complex political dynamic involving Sunni and Shiites, Arabs and Persians, colonizers and colonized, oil, and the split of the superpowers.
Accessibility links Skip to main content Keyboard shortcuts for audio player. NPR See more. The split occurred soon after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, split 1, years ago. Facebook Twitter Flipboard Email. February 12, AM ET. Heard on The Edition.
Enlarge this image. Sunnis Shia Islam.
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